The diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. Dietary habits are the habitual decisions an individual or culture makes when choosing what foods to eat. Although humans are omnivores, each culture holds some food preferences and some food taboos. Individual dietary choices may be more or less healthy. Proper nutrition requires the proper ingestion and equally important, the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and food energy in the form of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Dietary habits and choices play a significant role in health and mortality, and can also define cultures and play a role in religion.
Diet and health
The diet can contribute to our health in a number of ways. Most people are aware that over-eating is likely to lead to obesity, whilst under-eating may lead to weight loss and eventually malnutrition. When part of a balanced diet, several nutrients may enhance our general health as well as reduce the risk of disease:
- Blood glucose may be regulated by including chromium, magnesium, manganese and certain B vitamins. This might alleviate diabetes or prevent it from arising.
- Garlic has a benificial effect on the circulatory system.
Diet and healing
With proper care the diet can play a significant part in the treatment of many diseases and ailments:
- Multivitamins combined with calcium, magnesium, essential fatty acids and mixed fatty acid esthers may help reduce inflammation.
A poor, incomplete or unbalanced diet may easily lead to a number of ailments or diseases: