A disease is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions, associated with specific symptoms and signs It may be caused by external factors, such as invading organisms, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases.
There's more and more evidence in science today indicating that many diseases are linked to malnutrition or, more simply, inadequate nutrition; thus many ailments and conditions can be alleviated, cured or indeed prevented by choosing a proper diet and adding the right supplements. The field of orthomolecular medicine is based on this philosophy.
Also, there are those who argue that diseases are significantly over-treated in the western world; the argument is that the body is capable of handling most diseases on it's own, without the need for medication. Up to 95% of all diseases last no longer than a fortnight.
The following diseases and conditions are arranged according to the classification system ICD-10.
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90)
Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99)
- Depression - a condition of low spirit, initiative and/or activity.
Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99)
- Main article: Coronary disease
- Myocardial infarction - commonly known as heart attack.
- Stroke - a condition arising from lack of oxygenated blood to parts of the brain.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99)
- Osteoporosis - a condition characterized by reduced abillity of bones to use calcium to maintain strength of the skeleton, resulting in an increased risk of fractures.
- eMedicine/Stedman Medical Dictionary Lookup.
- WordNet Search - 3.0
- C.V. Hansen, MD. (September 17th, 2008). "Alkohol og diabetes" (in danish). radiodoktoren.dk. http://radiodoktoren.dk/radiodoktoren/2008/09/17/alkohol-og-diabetes. Retrieved August 25th, 2015.