Natural health Wiki
Advertisement
Template documentation (for the above template, sometimes hidden or invisible)


This template is used to cite online sources in Wikipedia articles. {{Cite news}} can also be used when citing a news source; for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Cite sources. A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citation of open-source web content to Wikipedia articles is available at Wikipedia:Citation templates.

Usage

Note: None of the parameters should be capitalised, in order to avoid the article being tagged as having a broken citation. For example, use "url", "title", etc. - not "URL", "Title", etc.

Common forms using author, coauthors

Citations within a page should use consistent formats. However, there is no consensus about which format is best. The following examples are for citations where one author is listed as part of a single |author=Last, First parameter, along with |coauthors=Last, First; Last, First ... allowing for additional authors. Also shown below are three separate date formats that are commonly used in Wikipedia:

YYYY-MM-DD
{{cite web |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2022-07-01}}
Day Month Year
{{cite web |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=1 July 2022}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite web |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=July 1, 2022}}

Common forms using last1, first1; last2, first2

The examples below will suffice for up to two authors each with first and last names; for more, just create more parameters in a similar style:

YYYY-MM-DD
{{cite web |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2022-07-01}}
Day Month Year
{{cite web |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=1 July 2022}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite web |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=July 1, 2022}}

All parameters

When copying all parameters in either the vertical or horizontal layouts, delete those which are not needed.

All parameters, horizontal layout
{{cite web |first= |last= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |archiveurl= |work= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |language= |trans_title= |format= |doi= |date= |month= |year= |archivedate= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= }}
All parameters, vertical layout
{{cite web
| first       =
| last        =
| author      =
| authorlink  =
| coauthors   =
| title       =
| url         =
| archiveurl  =
| work        =
| publisher   =
| location    =
| page        =
| pages       =
| language    =
| trans_title =
| format      =
| doi         =
| date        =
| month       =
| year        =
| archivedate =
| accessdate  =
| quote       =
| ref         =
}}

Required parameters

  • title: Title of online item. This title will appear as the citation itself, hyperlinked to the URL.
  • url: URL of online item. Start the url with the communications protocol, e.g. http://.

Optional parameters

  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • a date parameter:
    • either date: Full date of publication. Should be in the same format as used in the main text of the article and should not be wikilinked. (per Manual of Style (dates))
    • or year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Should not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger "work", such as a book, periodical or website, write the name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any—for example if the website is hosted by a government service, educational institution, or company. The publisher is not usually the name of the website (that is usually the work). If the publisher cannot be found on the site, try whois. For self-published works, e.g. blogs, use self-published.
    • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • language: language of publication (don't specify "English" as this is the default).
    • trans_title: A translated title of the article, in case the original title is in a foreign language. Would normally be used in conjunction with the 'language' parameter.
  • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
  • archive parameters (if used, must be used both of them together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and Archive.org.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should be in the same format as used in the main text of the article and should not be wikilinked. (per Manual of Style (dates))
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in the appropriate date format for the article. Should not be wikilinked.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.
  • separator / postscript: The punctuation to use between fields / at the end of the citation

Duplicate periods

By default, {{Cite web}} separates fields with periods, so don't encode a field ending with a period or a duplicate period will be added. Example: "publisher=Camelot, Inc" will correctly show as Camelot, Inc. but "publisher=Camelot, Inc." will incorrectly show as Camelot, Inc..

Examples

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |date=30 April 2005 |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using format
Foreign language and translated title
coauthors
  • {{cite web |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim |title=Our Favorite Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
  • {{cite web |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Peter Smith; Jim Smythe |title=Our Favorite Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John; Peter Smith; Jim Smythe (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
No author
  • {{cite web |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |url=http://www.example.org/ | accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
No author, no publisher

This abbreviated format should only be used when the editor cannot determine the publisher and author.

  • {{cite web |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" for webpages that have been archived
Using "quote"
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |work=WebExhibits |date=2008 |accessdate=2009-09-27 |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |quote=... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' }}
    "Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html. Retrieved 2009-09-27. "... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...'" 


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png

Visit Template:Cite web/doc to edit this text! (How does this work?)

Advertisement